Research Index

Development and validation of Polar features

1996

NON-LINEAR DYNAMICS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY DURING EXERCISE
Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Seppänen T., Thomson R., Wilkinson J., Blair S., Laukkanen R., Huikuri H.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 28(5):142, 1996

NONLINEAR COMPLEXITY OF HEART RATE DYNAMICS AFTER A RESTING PERIOD FOLLOWED BY ENDURANCE TRAINING
Mäkikallio T., Tulppo M., Karppinen T., Huikuri H.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 28(5):745, 1996

NONLINEAR DYNAMICS OF HEART RATE DURING ACCENTUATED SYMPATHO-VAGAL INTERACTION
Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Airaksinen J., Huikuri H.
Abstract in Circulation 94(8):nr 2518, 1996

QUANTITATIVE BEAT-TO-BEAT ANALYSIS OF HEART RATE DYNAMICS DURING EXERCISE
Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Takala T., Seppänen T., Huikuri H.
Am J Physiol 271:H244-252, 1996

THE RELATIONSHIP OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY TO WORK INTENSITY DURING GRADED MAXIMAL TREADMILL EXERCISE
Wilkinson J., Thompson R., Garcia M., Kampert J., Laukkanen R., Seppänen T.
Abstract in Proc International 14th Puijo Symposium, Kuopio, Finland, 1996, p 64

THE RELATIONSHIP OF POINCARE PLOT ANALYSIS TO EXERCISE INTENSITY
Wilkinson J., Thompson R., Garcia M., Kampert J., Laukkanen R., Seppänen T.
Abstract in The International Pre-Olympic Scientific Congress, Dallas, Texas, USA, 1996, p 115-116

THE RESPONSE OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY DURING GRADED TREADMILL EXERCISE
Wilkinson J., Thompson R., Garcia M., Kampert J., Laukkanen R., Seppänen T.
Abstract in Circulation 94(8):nr 1465, 1996

1997

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RELATION BETWEEN HEART RATE AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE
Hiilloskorpi H., Fogelholm M., Laukkanen R., Oja P., Natri A., Mänttäri A.
Abstract in International Congress of Movement and Sport in the Life-Cycle of Woman, Lahti, Finland, nr 31, 1997

HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS
Wilkinson J., Thompson R., Seppänen T., Laukkanen R.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 29(5):850, 1997

THE RELATIONSHIP OF SHORT-TERM MEASURES OF HRV TO HEART RATE AND EXERCISE INTENSITY
Thompson R., Wilkinson J., Laukkanen R., Seppänen T.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 29(5):795, 1997

1998

ABILITY OF NON-INVASIVE AND INVASIVE METHODS OF AUTONOMIC FUNCTION MEASUREMENTS AND STRESS HORMONES TO INDICATE ENDURANCE TRAINING-INDUCED STRESS
Uusitalo A.
Doctoral thesis. University of Tampere, Finland, 1998

ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN OVERWEIGHT WOMEN
Fogelholm M., Hiilloskorpi H., Laukkanen R., Oja P., van Marken Lichtenbelt W., Westerterp K.
Med Sci Sports Exerc 30(8):1191-1197, 1998

DETECTION OF HEART BEAT IN AMBULATORY HEART RATE MEASUREMENTS, METHODS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
Ruha A.
Doctoral thesis. University of Oulu, Finland, 1998

DETERMINATION OF HEART RATES FOR TRAINING USING POLAR SMARTEDGE HEART RATE MONITOR
Laukkanen R., Maijanen S., Tulppo M.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 30(5):1430, 1998

HEART RATE DYNAMICS DURING PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND DURING PHARMACOLOGICAL MODULATION OF AUTONOMIC TONE
Tulppo M.
Doctoral thesis. University of Oulu, Finland, 1998

IMPAIRED VAGAL MODULATION OF HEART RATE DURING EXERCISE IN PATIENTS AFTER ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Tapanainen J.M., Tulppo M.P., Mäkikallio T.H., Seppänen T., Laukkanen R.T., Huikuri H.V.
Abstract in J Am Coll Cardiol 31(5), 1998

MAXIMAL HEART RATE PREDICTION FROM THE UKK 2KM WALK TEST RESULTS
Mänttäri A.T., Laukkanen R.M.T., Oja P.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 30(5), 1998

ORTHOSTATIC HEART RATE RESPONSES TO ALTITUDE HOUSE ACCLIMATIZATION IN ATHLETES
Kalliokoski K., Puranen A., Uusitalo-Koskinen A., Rusko H.
Abstract in IV Scandinavian Congress on Medicine and Science in Sports, Lahti Finland, 1998

REPRODUCIBILITY OF INDIVIDUAL TRAINING HEART RATE DETERMINED BY POLAR SMARTEDGE HEART RATE MONITOR
Kinnunen H., Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Hyyppä O., Nissilä S., Laukkanen R.
Abstract in Proc International 15th Puijo Symposium, Kuopio, Finland, 1998, p 63

REPRODUCIBILITY OF INDIVIDUAL TRAINING HEART RATE DETERMINED BY POLAR SMARTEDGE™ HEART RATE MONITOR
Kinnunen H.O., Tulppo M.P., Mäkikallio T.H., Hyyppä O.I., Nissilä S.M., Laukkanen R.T.
Abstract in Proc International 15th Puijo Symposium, Kuopio Finland, 1998, nr 63

THE TIMING ACCURACY OF THE POLAR VANTAGE NV HEART RATE MONITOR
Kinnunen H., Heikkilä I.
Abstract in JSS 16:S107, 1998

VAGAL MODULATION OF HEART RATE DURING EXERCISE: EFFECTS OF AGE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Seppänen T., Laukkanen R., Huikuri H.
Am J Physiol 274 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 43):H424-H429, 1998

VALIDATION OF GENDER SPESIFIC EQUATIONS FOR PREDICTING ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING EXERCISE
Hiilloskorpi H., Fogelholm M., Laukkanen R., Pasanen M., Oja P.
Absract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 30(5):330, 1998

VARIATION OF ATHLETES’ HEART RATE PARAMETERS IN THE ORTHOSTATIC TEST
Hoffman T., Uusitalo-Koskinen A., Rusko H.
Abstract in IV Scandinavian Congress on Medicine and Science in Sports, Lahti Finland, 1998

1999

ACCURACY OF A NOVEL REAL-TIME MICROPROCESSOR QRS DETECTOR FOR HEART RATE VARIABILITY ASSESSMENT
Loimaala A., Sievänen H., Laukkanen R., Pärkkä J., Vuori I., Huikuri H.
Clin Phys 19(1):84-88, 1999

DIFFERENCES IN AUTONOMIC MODULATION OF HEART RATE DURING ARM AND LEG EXERCISE
Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Laukkanen R., Huikuri H.
Clin Physiol 19(4):294-299, 1999

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RELATION BETWEEN HEART RATE AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING EXERCISE INT
Hiilloskorpi H., Fogelholm M., Laukkanen R., Pasanen M., Oja P., Mänttäri A., Natri A.
J Sports Med 20:438-443, 1999

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ACCURACY OF RR INTERVAL DETECTION FOR THE ANALYSIS OF NEW DYNAMICAL MEASURES OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY
Tapanainen J.M., Seppänen T., Laukkanen R., Loimaala A., Huikuri H.V.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiog 4(1):10-18, 1999

THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THREE DIFFERENT GAS-ANALYSERS
Hiilloskorpi H., Mänttäri A., Fogelholm M., Pasanen M., Laukkanen R.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 31(5):nr 1787, 1999

USE OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY (HRV) IN PRESCRIBING EXERCISE INTENSITY THRESHOLD IN THE OBESE
Byrne N., Hills A., Ramage A., Laukkanen R.
Int J Obes 23(5):567, 1999

USE OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN PRESCRIBING EXERCISE INTENSITY THRESHOLDS IN THE OBESE
Byrne N.M., Hills A.P., Ramage A.J., Laukkanen R.T.
Int J Obes 23(5):nr 567, 1999

2000

ARTIFICAL NEURAL NETWORK IN PREDICTING MAXIMAL AEROBIC POWER
Kinnunen H., Väinämö K., Hautala A., Mäkikallio T., Tulppo M., Nissilä S.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 32(5):nr 1535, 2000

ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK IN PREDICTING MAXIMAL AEROBIC POWER
Kinnunen H., Hautala A., Mäkikallio T., Tulppo M., Nissilä S.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 32(5):nr 1535, 2000

DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW HRMAX PREDICTION MODEL
Hannula M., Nissilä S., Kinnunen H., Virtanen P.
Abstract in Proc 5th Annual Congress of the ECSS, Jyväskylä, Finland, 2000, p 306

ESTIMATION OF EE DURING EXERCISE BY EQUATION BASED ON HEART RATE
Kapanen J., Laukkanen R., Hiilloskorpi H., Fogelholm M., Heinonen O.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 32(5):nr 984, 2000

ESTIMATION OF EXERCISE ENERGY EXPENDITURE FROM HEART RATE AND AEROBIC CAPACITY
Kinnunen H., Nissilä S.
Abstract in Proc 5th Annual Congress of the ECSS Jyväskylä, Finland, 2000, p 395

ESTIMATION OF EXERCISE ENERGY EXPENDITURE FROM HEART RATE AND AEROBIC CAPACITY
Kinnunen H, Nissilä S.
Abstract in Proc 5th Annual Congress of the ECSS, Jyväskylä, Finland, 2000, p 395

EVALUATION OF THE POLAR OWNZONE FEATURE IN PHYSICALLY HIGHLY ACTIVE MEN AND WOMEN
Virtanen P., Vasankari T., Vuorimaa T., Laukkanen R.
Abstract in Proc 5th Annual Congress of ECSS, Jyväskylä, Finland, 2000, p 794

HEART RATE AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY DURING ADAPTATION TO RAPID TIME ZONE SHIFT
Rusko H.K., Hynynen E., Vasankari T.
Abstract in 2000 Pre-Olympic Congress, Brisbane Australia, 2000, p 330

HEART RATE DYNAMICS BEFORE AND AFTER LONG-TERM MAXIMAL EXERCISE
Hautala A.J., Tulppo M.P., Mäkikallio T.H., Laukkanen R., Nissilä S., Huikuri H.V.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 32(5):nr 720, 2000

HEART RATE VARIABILITY OVER 24 H AND DURING EXERCISE AFTER AEROBIC TRAINING
Tulppo M.P., Hautala A., Mäkikallio T.H., Laukkanen R.M., Nissilä S., Airaksinen K.E.J., Hughson R.L., Huikuri H.V.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 32(5):nr 719, 2000

OVERTRAINING AND DETECTION OF OVERTRAINING BY HEART RATE MONITORS
Rusko H.
Abstract in 2000 Pre-Olympic Congress, Brisbane Australia, 2000, p 169

TRADITIONELLE UND NEUE ANSAETZE FUR SCHAETZUNG DER MAXIMALEN SAUERSTOFFAUFNAHME IN RUHE
Tschopp M, Peltola K., Held T., Kinnunen H., Hannula M., Laukkanen R., Marti B.
Schweiz Z Sport 48(2):58-63, 2000

VALIDITY OF POLAR FITNESS TEST BASED ON HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN ASSESSING VO2MAX IN HIGHLY FIT
Peltola K., Hannula M., Held T., Kinnunen H., Nissilä S., Laukkanen R., B. Marti B.
Absract in 5th Scandinavian Congress on Medicine and Science, Lillehammer Norge, 2000, nr 51

VALIDITY OF POLAR FITNESS TEST BASED ON HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN ASSESSING VO2MAX IN TRAINED INDIVIDUALS

Peltola K., Hannula M., Held T., Kinnunen H., Nissilä S., Laukkanen R., Marti B.
Abstract in Proc 5th Annual Congress of ECSS, Jyväskylä, Finland, 2000, p 565

2001

EFFECTS OF AEROBIC TRAINING ON FRACTAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HEART RATE BEHAVIOUR
Tulppo M., Hautala A., Mäkikallio T., Laukkanen R., Nissilä S., Hughson R., Huikuri H.
Abstract in Proc 6th Annual Congress of the ECSS, Germany, 2001, p 414

EFFECTS OF AEROBIC TRAINING ON HEART RATE DYNAMICS: ONE YEAR FOLLOW-UP
Hautala A., Tulppo M., Mäkikallio T., Laukkanen R., Nissilä S., Huikuri H.
Abstract in Proc 6th Annual Congress of the ECSS, Germany, 2001, p 406

HRV PLATEAU IN EXERCISE INTENSITY DETERMINATION IN ENDURANCE ATHLETES
Virtanen P., Vasankari T., Vuorimaa T., Laukkanen R.
Abstract in Med Sci Sports Exerc 33(5):nr 611, 2001

2002

CHANGES IN CARDIAC AUTONOMIC REGULATION AFTER PROLONGED MAXIMAL EXERCISE
Hautala A., Tulppo M.P., Mäkikallio T.H., Laukkanen R., Nissilä S., Huikuri H.V.
Clin Physiol 21(2):238-245, 2002

EXERCISE INTENSITY PRESCRIPTION IN HYPERTENSIVE ADULTS: A COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT DETERMINATION METHODS
Byrne N., Hills A., Laukkanen R.
Submitted 2002

2003

EFFECTS OF AEROBIC TRAINING ON HEART RATE DYNAMICS IN SEDENTARY SUBJECTS
Tulppo MP, Hautala AJ, Mäkikallio TH, Laukkanen RT, Nissilä S, Hughson RL, Huikuri HV
J Appl Physiol 95(1): 364-72, 2003

USE OF HEART RATE TO PREDICT ENERGY EXPENDITURE FROM LOW TO HIGH ACTIVITY LEVELS
Hiilloskorpi HK, Pasanen ME, Fogelholm MG, Laukkanen RM, Mänttäri AT
Int J Sports Med 24(5): 332-6, 2003

2004

FIELD EVALUATION OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE USING HEART RATE DURING ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MODERATE AND HIGH ALTITUDE
Mäder U., Maillat C., Clénin G., Mahn H., Marti B.
Abstract in 9th Annual Congress on European College of Sport Science, Clermont-Ferrand, France, July 3-4, 2004

2005

ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ESTIMATED AEROBIC FITNESS AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN ADULTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ABDOMINAL OBESITY
Borodulin K, Laatikainen T, Lahti-Koski M, Lakka TA, Laukkanen R, Sarna S, Jousilahti P
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12(2): 126-31, 2005

PREDICTION OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE FROM HEART RATE MONITORING DURING SUBMAXIMAL EXERCISE
Keytel L.R., Goedecke J.H., Noakes T.D., Hiilloskorpi H., Laukkanen R., Van Der Merwe L., Lambert E.V.
Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(3):289-297, 2005

2006

WEIGHT LOSS STRATEGIES FOR OBESE ADULTS: PERSONALIZED WEIGHT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM VS. STANDARD CARE
Byrne NM, Meerkin JD, Laukkanen R, Ross R, Fogelholm M, Hills AP
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14(10): 1777-88, 2006

2007

COMPARISONS BETWEEN A NOVEL RUNNING INDEX AND RUNNING PERFORMANCE MEASURES IN WELL TRAINED RUNNERS
Cardinale M, Jackson A, Nissila J, Niva A, Kinnunen H
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39(Suppl 5): Abstract nr. 1415, 2007

VALIDATION OF A NOVEL STRIDE SENSOR CAPABLE OF MEASURING RUNNING SPEED
Jackson A, Cardinale M, Ahola O
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39(Suppl 5): Abstract nr. 1421, 2007

VALIDITY OF A NOVEL ACTIVITY WATCH FOR ENERGY EXPENDITURE ASSESSMENT
Aurelien P, Niva A, Pulkkinen I, Laukkanen RMT, Richalet J-P, Brugniaux J
Book of Abstracts: page 83, 12th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, July 11-14, 2007

2008

CHANGES IN PHYSICAL FITNESS IN MODERATELY FIT ADULTS WITH AND WITHOUT THE USE OF EXERCISE TELEMETRY MONITORS
Ring-Dimitriou S, von Duvillard SP, Stadlmann M, Kinnunen H, Drachta O, Müller E, Laukkanen R, Hamra J, Weeks S, Peak K.
Eur J Appl Physiol 102(5): 505-13, 2008

COMPARISON OF THE POLAR S810I MONITOR AND THE ECG FOR THE ANALYSIS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN THE TIME AND FREQUENCY DOMAINS
Vanderlei LC, Silva RA, Pastre CM, Azevedo FM, Godoy MF
Braz J Med Biol Res 41(10):854-859, 2008

LEVELS OF AGREEMENT FOR RR INTERVALS AND SHORT-TERM HEART RATE VARIABILITY OBTAINED FROM THE POLAR S810 AND AN ALTERNATIVE SYSTEM
Nunan D, Jakovljevic DG, Donovan G, Hodges LD, Sandercock GR, Brodie DA
Eur J Appl Physiol 103(5):529-37, 2008

2009

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF SHORT-TERM HEART-RATE VARIABILITY FROM THE POLAR S810
Nunan D, Donovan G, Jakovljevic DG, Hodges LD, Sandercock GR, Brodie DA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 41(1):243-250, 2009

2010

ACCURACY OF POLAR F6 IN ESTIMATING THE ENERGY COST OF AEROBIC DANCE BENCH STEPPING IN COLLEGE-AGE FEMALES
Lowe AL, Lloyd LK, Miller BK, Mccurdy KW, Pope ML
J Sports Med Phys Fit 50(4): 385-394, 2010 

ACCURACY OF THE POLAR S810ITM HEART RATE MONITOR AND THE SENSEWEAR PRO ARMBANDTM TO ESTIMATE ENERGY EXPENDITURE OF INDOOR ROWING EXERCISE IN OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE INDIVIDUALS
Erdogan A, Cetin C, Karatosun H, Baydar ML
J Sports Sci Med 9: 508-16, 2010

HEART RATE RECOVERY AS A GUIDE TO MONITOR FATIGUE AND PREDICT CHANGES IN PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS
Lamberts RP, Swart J, Capostagno B, Noakes TD, Lambert MI
Scand J Med Sci Sports 20(3): 449-457, 2010

POLAR ACTIVITY WATCH 200: A NEW DEVICE TO ACCURATELY ASSESS ENERGY EXPENDITURE
Brugniaux JV, Niva A, Pulkkinen I, Laukkanen RMT, Richalet J-P, Pichon AP
Br J Sports Med 44(4): 245-9, 2010

RESTING AUTONOMIC MODULATIONS AND THE HEART RATE RESPONSE TO EXERCISE
Nunan D, Jakovljevic DG, Donovan G, Singleton LD, Sandercock GRH, Brodie DA
Clin Auton Res 20(4): 213-21, 2010

2011

COMPARISONS OF AGE-PREDICTED MAXIMUM HEART RATE EQUATIONS IN COLLEGE-AGED SUBJECTS
Cleary MA, Hetzler RK, Wages JJ, Lentz MA, Stickley CD, Kimura IF
J Strength Cond Res 25(9): 2591-7, 2011

DESIGNING PERSONAL EXERCISE MONITORING EMPLOYING MULTIPLE MODES OF DELIVERY: IMPLICATIONS FROM A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON HEART RATE MONITORING
Segerståhl K, Oinas-Kukkonen H
Int J Med Inf 80(12): e203–13, 2011

ESTIMATION OF THE ANAEROBIC THRESHOLD FROM THE DATA ON LUNG VENTILATION AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY
Seluyanov VN, Kalinin EM, Pack GD, Mayevskaya VI, Konrad AN
Hum Physiol 37(6): 733-7, 2011

EVALUATION OF TWO PORTABLE SENSORS FOR ENERGY EXPENDITURE ASSESSMENT DURING HIGH-INTENSITY RUNNING
Koehler K, De Marees M, Braun H, Schaenzer W
Eur J Sport Sci, available online 17 Nov 2011

MOBEAT: USING INTERACTIVE MUSIC TO GUIDE AND MOTIVATE USERS DURING AEROBIC EXERCISING
Van der Vlist B, Bartneck C, Mäueler S
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 36(2): 135-45, 2011

RELIABILITY OF DIFFERENT MODELS TO ASSESS HEART RATE RECOVERY AFTER SUBMAXIMAL BICYCLE EXERCISE
Arduini A, Gomez-Cabrera M-C, Romagnoli M
J Sci Med Sport 14(4): 352–7

2012

IS AN ELEVATED SUBMAXIMAL HEART RATE ASSOCIATED WITH PSYCHOMOTOR SLOWNESS IN YOUNG ELITE SOCCER PLAYERS?
Brink MS, Visscher C, Schmikli SL, Nederhof E, Lemmink KAPM
Eur J Sport Sci, available online 13 Jan 2012

RELIABILITY OF HEART RATE MEASURES USED TO ASSESS POST-EXERCISE PARASYMPATHETIC REACTIVATION
Dupuy O, Mekary S, Berryman N, Bherer L, Audiffren M, Bosquet L
Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, available online 23 Feb 2012

THE AGE OF THE VIRTUAL TRAINER
Lowe S, ÓLaighin G
Procedia Engineering 34: 242–7, 2012

THE CONVERGENT VALIDITY BETWEEN TWO OBJECTIVE METHODS FOR QUANTIFYING TRAINING LOAD IN YOUNG TAEKWONDO ATHLETES
Haddad M, Chaouachi A, Castagna C, Wong DP, Chamari K
J Strength Cond Res 26(1): 206–9, 2012

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